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The American Midland Naturalist 


VOL. V. MARCH, 1917. NO. 2. 



The Vascular Plants of North Dakota.— XI. 

With Notes by J. Lunell. 

TARAXACUM, Taraxacon (aut) Altaraxacon Fuehs, Hist. 
Stirp. p. 230. (1546). Marcus Gatinaria, Herb. Viv. Ic. Vol. II., 
p. 166. (1531). 

Dens Leonis Tour. F4em. 373. (1694.) Leontodon Taraxacum 
Linn. Syst. Nat. (1735), Linn. Gen. 239. (1737) and 349. (1754), 
"Taraxacum Dens Leonis T." Type of Leontodon Linn, in his 
Leontodon Taraxacum. 

967. Taraxacum minus Lon. Krauter Buch 228. (1703), 
and certainly of the older edition of 1569 & 1582, ex Bauh. Pin. 

Taraxacum officinarum Vaill. Act. 230. (1721). 

Leontodon Taraxacum Britton, 111. Fl. Vol. Ill, p. 315. (1913). 


968. Taracacum minus var subscaposum Lunell, var. nov. 
Caulis unifoliatus. One leaf on the stem. Leeds. 

969. Taraxacum mexicanum DC. Prodr. 7: 146. (1838). 
Turtle Mountains. 

SONCHUS Theophr. 7: 9. Diosc. 2: 158, vide Marcellus Vir- 
gilius Cap. CXX., Bk. II., i, p., 266. (1529). 

970. Sonchus laevis Matth. Comm. 257. (1554). Gesn., 
Camer., Dod. (Bubani). 

Sonchus oleraceus Linn. Sp. PL 794. (1753). 

971. Sonchus asper Mar. Virg. 1. c, Matth. 1. c, Fuchs, 
Hist. Stirp. 228. (1546). 


Leeds; Kulm, Brenckle). 

972. Sonchus agrestis Mar. Virg. 1. c. (1529). 

Sonchus repens J. Bauhin, Hist. Plant Vol. II. Bk. 24, p. 
1017. (1651). 

Sonchus arvensis Linn. Sp. PI. 793. (1753). 

Butte, Narrows. 

LACTUCA Plin. Hist, page 356: 41. Tourn, I. R. H. 267. 
(1700). Linn. Gen. 240. (1737). 

Lactucula Veyr. "Teneris frondens lactucula fibris." Virg. 
"Moretum" 76. 

973. Lactuca sylvestris Fuchs. Stirp. 172. (1549); Matth. 
Comm. 2: 130. (1559); Matth. De Plant. 298. (1586); Clus. Hist. 
Stirp. 343. (1583); Linn. Sp. PI. (1753). 

Lactuca Scdriola Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2 : 1 1 19. (1763). 
Kulm (Brenckle.) 

974. Lactuca integrata (Gren. & Godr.) A. Nels. in Fl. of 
Rocky Mts., 596. (1909). 

Lactuca Scariola integrata Gren. & Godr. Fl. Franc. 2: 320. 
(?8 5 o). 

Leeds, Minot, Devils Lake. 

975. Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC. Prodr. 7: 134. (1838). 
Sonchus pulchellus Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 502. (1814). 
Leeds, Butte. 

976. Lactuca campestris Greene, Pittonia IV: 37. (1899). 
Leeds, Butte. 

977. Lactuca ludoviciana (Nutt.) DC. Prodr. 7: 141. (1838). 
Sonchus ludovicianus Nutt. PI. 2: 25. (18 18). 

"Fort Mandan on the Missouri, open plains." 

978. Lactuca canadensis Linn. Sp. PI. 796. (1753). 
Turtle Mountains. 

979. Lactuca sativa Mar. Virg. de Diosc. II: 125. (1529): 
"Romani sativa lactuca nominant." — Dod. Hist. PI. 394. (155 1); 
Arig. Simplici 123. (1561); Bauhin, Pin. 122. (1620); Linn. Sp. 
PI. ed. 2: 1118. (1763). 


980. Lactuca spicata (Lam.) Hitchc. Trans. Acad. St. Louis 
5: 506. (1891). 

Sonchus spicatus Lam. Encycl. 3: 401. (1789). 
Leeds, Peninsula of Lake Ibsen, Dunsieth, St. John. 


981. Lactuca spicata integrifolia (A. Gray) Britton, Mem. 
Torr. Bot. Club 5: 350. (1894). 

Lactuca leucophaea var. integrifolia, A. Gray, Syn. Fl. P: 244. 

Pleasant Lake. 

LYGODESMIA D. Don, Edinb. Phil. Journ. 6:311. (1829). 

982. Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D. Don., 1. c. 
Prenanthes juncea Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. 498. (1814). 
Leeds, Butte. 

983. Lygodesmia juncea var. racemosa Lunell in Bull. 
Leeds Herb. No. 2, p. 8. (1908). 

Minot, Devils Lake, Bismarck. 

984. Lygodesmia rostrata Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 9: 217. 

Pleasant Lake. 

AGOSERIS Raf. Fl. Ludov. 58. (1817). 

Troximon Nutt. Fras. Cat. (1813), not Gaertn. (1791). 

985. Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Steud. Nom. Bot. ed. 2, 
I: 37. (1840). 

Troximon glaucum Nutt. Gen. PI. 2: 128. (1818). 
"On the banks of the Missouri." 

986. Agoseris parviflora (Nutt.) Dietr. Syn. PI. 4: i33 2 - 


Troximon parviflorum Nutt., Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. n. ser. 

7: 434. (1841). 


987. Agoseris vicinalis Greene, Leaflets II: 122. (1911). 
Leeds, Peninsula of Lake Ibsen, York, Turtle Mountains; 

Dickinson (CI. Waldron). 

NOTHOCALAIS Greene, Bull. Cal. Acad. (II.) 2: 54. (1886). 

988. Nothocalais cuspidata (Pursh) Greene, 1. c. 55. 
Troximon cuspidatum Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 742. (1814). 
Butte, Minot. 

CREPIS Dalech. Hist. PI. Bk. V, ch. XIV, p. 474- (1615); 
Wimm. Grab. Siles. 2: 171, n. 389; Linn. Gen. n. 914. 

989. Crepis dakotana Lunell in Am. Midi. Nat. Vol. II: 
289. (1912). 

Leeds, Butte, Peninsula of Lake Ibsen, Pleasant Lake. 

990. Crepis tectorum Linn. Sp. PI. 807. (1753). 
Willow City. 


991. Crepis capillaris (Linn.) Wallr. Beitr. PL Hercyn. 287. 

Fargo (CI. Waldron). 

PILOSELLA Thalius, Sylv. Hercyn. 5. (1588). 

Hieracium Tourn.; Linn. Gen. n. 913. 'Ispaxiov to ueya 
Diosc. 3: 72 is Amopogon picroides Linn, 'lepaxiov to {iixpoi> 
Diosc. 3 : 73 is Scorzonera elongata Linn. Hence all uses of the name 
Hieracium by subsequent authors are antedated by Diosc. 

992. Pilosella umbellata (Gesner) Nwd. & 1,11. 
Hieracium umbellatum (Gesner) Nwd. & Lll. 

Hieracium umbellatum Gesner, Op. Bot. ed. a Sch'mied. tab. 
lign. 7 f. 57. Linn. Sp. PI. 804. (1753)- 
Pleasant Lake, Dunsieth, St. John. 
NABALUS Cass. Diet. Sci. Nat. 34: 94. (1825). 

993. Nabalus albus (Linn.) Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 1 : 294. (1833). 
Prenanthes alba Linn. Sp. PI. 798 (1753). 

Bottineau, Dunsieth, St. John. 

994. Nabalus racemosus (Michx.) D. C. Prodr. 7:242. (1838). 
Prenanthes racemosa (Michx.) Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 83. (1803). 
Leeds, Butte. 

Family 120. AMBROSIEAE Cass. Diet. Sc. Nat. XX. (1821) 
IV 'A Litui. (Nova Gen. PI. 1751) in Am. Acad. 25. (1759). 

995. Iva axillaris Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 743. (18 14). 
Leeds, Butte. 

996. Iva xanthiifolia Nutt. Gen. PI. 2: 185. (1818). 
Euphrosyne xanthiifolia A. Gray, PI. Wright 2: 85. (1853). 

AMBROSIA Tournef. Linn. Gen. n. 1057. Diosc. 3: 119 
— A. maritima, but ace. to Daubeny is 3 : 120 = Artemisia camporum. 

997. Ambrosia artemisiaefolia Linn. Sp. PI. 987. (1753). 
Minot, Bismarck. 

998. Ambrosia psilostachya DC. Prodr. 5: 526. (1836). 
Leeds, Butte. 

999. Ambrosia trifida Linn. Sp. PI. 987. (1753). 

1000. Ambrosia trifida integrifolia (Muhl.) T. & G. Fl. 
N. A. 2: 290. (1841). 

Ambrosia integrifolia Muhl.; Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 375. (1805). 


GAERTNERIA Medicus, Act, Pal. 3: 244. (1785). 


iooi. Gaertneria acanthicarpa (Hook.) Britt. Mem. Torr. 
Bot. Club. 5: 332. (1894). 

Ambrosia acanthicarpa Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. I: 309. (1833). 
Pleasant Lake; Denbigh (Bergman). 
XANTHIUM Diosc. 4 136 = X. strumarium. 

1002. Xanthium pennsylvanicum Wallr. Beitr. Bot. I: 236. 

Leeds (extinct). 

1003. Xanthium speciosum Kearney, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 

574- (1897)- 

Leeds (extinct), Minot; Maple Creek near Monango. 

1004. Xanthium acerosum Greene in Pittonia IV: 61. (1899) 
Along the Red River of the North at Fargo (type locality) ; 

along the Missouri at Bismarck. 

1005. Xanthium echinatum Murr. Comm. Goett. 6: 32. (1783) 
Leeds, Dunsieth 

1006. Xanthium glanduliferum Greene in Pittonia IV: 63. 



Family 121. COMPOSITI Linn. Bot. 29. (1751); Tour.- 
Elem. (1694). Compositae Adans. Fam. PI. 2:103. (1763.) 

VERNONIA Schreb. Gen. PI. 2: 541. (1791)- 

1007. Vernonia fasciculata Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2 : 94. (1803). 
Leeds, Butte. 

1008. Vernonia fasciculata alba Bfenckle. 
Flowers white. Kulm (Brenckle). 

CUNIGUNDA Bubani, Fl. Pyr. Vol. II: 273. (1890). 
Eupatorium Diosc, Brunfels, Fuchs, Trag., Matth., Cord., 

Gesn. Dod., etc. down to G. Bauhin, Pin. 321, n. 4, is Agrimonia 
Eupatorium Linn. 

1009. Cunigunda purpurea (Linn.) Lunell. 
Eupatorium purpureum Linn. Sp. PI. 838. (1753). 

Pleasant Lake, Bottineau, Dunsieth, St. John; Fort Ransom 

1010. Cunigunda perfoliata (Linn.) Lunell. 
Eupatorium perjoliatum Linn. Sp. PI. 838. (1753). 
Richland Co. (W. B. Bell). 

KUHNIA Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2. 1662. (1763). 


Analytical Key. 

A. Stem leaves petioled, achenes 15-striate K. Jacobaea 

A. Stem leaves sessile. 

a) Achenes 10-striate, shorter than the pappus K. Ilitchcockii 

a) Achenes 20-striate, almost as long as the pappus ~K. reticulata 

ion. Kuhnia Hitchcockii A. Nels. Bot. Gaz. 31. 403. (1901). 
On the Capitol grounds and on the plains of the Missouri 
at Bismarck, Burleigh Co. 

1012. Kuhnia reticulata A. Nels. 1. c. 403. 
Minot; Fargo (CI. Waldron). 

1013. Kuhnia Jacobaea Lunell, sp. nov. 

Caulis robustus, minutim pulverulentus, de basi ad apicem 
versus ramosus. Folia caulina ovata, 4-5 cm. longa, 2-2.5 cm. lata, 
acute et inaequaliter serrata, versus basim abiupte contracta, 
petiolis alatis 3-5111111. longis; ramorum anguste lanceolata, 2-3 
cm. longa, integra, sessilia. Cymi congeste corymbosi, paniculatos 
fieri inch nati. Involucra cylindrica, 10mm. alta. Achenia 5-5.5 
mm. longa, 15 -striata. Pappus dense plumosus, albus, 7 mm. altus. 

Stem stout, minutely puberulent, branching from the base 
up. Stem leaves ovate, 4-5 cm. long, 2-2.5 cm. wide, sharply and 
unevenly serrate, abruptly contracted toward the base, with winged 
petioles, 3-5 ftim. long; those of the branches 2-3 cm. long, narrowly 
lnaceolate, entire, sessile. Cymes congested corgmbose, with a 
tendency for becoming paniculate. Involucres cylindrical, 10 mm. 
high. Achenes 5-55 mm. long, 15 striate. Pappus thickly plumose, 
white, 7 mm. high. 

Besides through other features, this species is easily distin- 
guished from others by its large, petioled stem leaves. The type 
specimen was collected by the writer on August 24, 1913, along 
James River at Jamestown, Stutsman County. 

LACINIARIA Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 49, pi. 46. (1762). Liatris 
Schreb. Gen. PI. 542. (1791). 

Analytical Key. 

A. Bracts of the cylindric or oblong involucre ovate to oblong, 
acuminate to cuspidate, with straight tips; pappas bristles very 
B. Heads 3-6-flowered, usually of equal size; spike dense, 

strongly leafy-bracted below — 1. L. punctata 

B. Heads 1 5— 6o-flowered, some enlarged; spike interrupted 
below, either not leafy or inconspicuously bracted. 
C. Some heads enlarged 2 or 3 times 2. L. fallacior sp. nov. 


C. Terminal head enlarged 5-6 times, having the appearance 

of a cock's comb 3. L. fallacior var. celosioides var. nov. 

A. Bracts of the cylindric involucre oblong or lanceolate, with 
recurved spreading, acuminate tips; pappus bristles minutely 

barbellulate 4. L. pychnostachya 

A. Bracts of the hemispheric involucre obtuse; pappus bristles 

barbellulate L. scariosa 

C. Inflorescence containing only one head. 

D. Heads 1.5 cm. diametrically 5. var. unifiora 

T>. Heads 2-2.5 cm. diametrically 6 var. singularis var. nov. 

C. Inflorescense short, with 2-15 heads. 
D. Heads racemose. 

E. The lower series of leaves occupying only the lowest 

part of the stem, close to the tuber 7. var. basilaris 

E. Thelower series of leaves occupying one-third toone- 
half of that part of the stem reaching from beneath 
the inflorescence to the tuber. 

E. The lowest leaves of the lower series overtopping 
the leaves of the same series higher up on the 
stem or the lowest or all leaves of the upper series 

8. var. supereminens 

F. The leaves of the lower series passing very 
abruptly into the leaves of the upper series, but 
no leaf reaching above any leaf born higher up 

on the stem 9. var. praeceps 

E. The leaves of the lower series not passing very 
abruptly into the leaves of the upper series. 
G. The leaves of the lower series large, long- 
petioled and very distant. 

H. Peduncles 1 cm. long or less 10 var. praestans 

H. Peduncles 2-8 cm. long....n. var. exuberans var. nov. 
G. The leaves of the lower series middle-sized, 
shorter petioles, more or less distant. 

I. Leaves pubescent 12. var. multiplex 

I. Leaves glabrate.. 13. var. perusta 

G. The leaves of the lower series middle-sized, 
with short, stout petioles, and rather approxi- 
mate 14. var. angustata 

E- The lower series of leaves passing imperceptibly and 
without intermission into the leaves of the upper 

series 1 5 . var. scalaris 

D. Heads subcorymbose. 

K. Peduncles bearing 1-4 heads 

16. var. imma-nis var. nov. 
K. Peduncles bearing only 1 head 

L. Terminal head 3 times larger than 

the other heads 17. var. crista galli var. nov. 
L Terminal heads not a great deal 


larger than the other heads. 
M. Leaves of var. angustata 

1 8. var. insolens var. nov. 
M. Leaves of var. super eminens 

19. var. composita var. nov. 
M. Leaves differing from those of 18 
and 19. 
N. Inflorescence interrupted, 
about 12 cm. long. 

20. var. corymbulosa 
N. Inflorescence dense, about 

6 cm. long 21. var. subcorymbosa 

C. Inflorescence very elongated, with 15-90 heads. 

O. Involucres erect 22. var. opima 

O. Involucres nodding 

23. var. annuens var. nov. 

1014. Laciniaria punctata (Hook.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. 
2: 349. (1891). 

Liairis punctata Hook Fl. Bor. Am. I: 306. (1833). 
Leeds, Butte. 

1015. Laciniaria fallacior Lunell, sp. nov. 

Stem 4-6 dm. high, from a horizontal tuberiform rootstock, 
which equals 6 cm. horizontally and 2 cm. transversely. Leaves 
numerous, ro,ugh, more or less hairy, linear, the lower 4-6 mm. 
wide, the upper narrower. Heads 15-flowered in the smaller size, 
with twice or thrice as many flowers in the larger ones (i. e., the 
terminal and generally 1 or 2 lateral), 15-20 mm. long, sessile or 
short-peduncled, crowded into a dense spike, interrupted and not 
leafy below. Involucral bracts broadly ovate, acuminate, ciliate 
on the margins, inbricated in 5 or more series. Achenes pubescent. 

The species is closely related to L. punctata, which has a glabrous 
stem, 1.5-3 dm. high, leaves glabrous, 2-4 cm. wide, heads 3-6- 
flowered, of equal size, 10-15 cm. long, sessile, crowded into a 
dense, uninterrupted spike, which is leafy below, and achenes 
glabrate or minutely pubescent. 

Collected by the writer on September 15, 19 16 at Leeds. 

1016. Laciniaria fallacior var. celosioides Lunell. var. nov. 
Terminal head enlarged 5-6 times. It has the appearance of 

a cock's comb. It was found by the writer on the same place and 
date as the species. 

1017. Laciniaria pychnostachya (Michx.) Kuntze, Rev. 
Gen. PI. 2: 349. (1891). 


Liatris pychnoslachya Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 91. (1803). 
Richland Co.: Wahpeton (W. B. Bell); Ransom Co.; Anselm 

1018. Laciniaria scariosa var. uniflora Lunell in Am. Mid.. 
Nat. Vol. Ill: 344. (1914). 


1019. Laciniaria scariosa var. singularis Lunell, var. nov. 
Stem 3-4 cm. high, with head about 3 cm. in diam. Leaves 

mostly resembling those of var. praestans. The var. uniflora is 
a small plant with small head and different leaves. 

Collected by the writer at Butte, August 22, 1915. 

1020 Laciniaria scariosa var. basilaris Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 92, 93. (1911). 


102 1. Laciniaria scariosa var. supereminens Lunell in Am. 
Am. Mid. Nat. Vol. II: 92. 93. (191 1). 

Leeds, Devils Lake. 

1022. Laciniaria scariosa var. praeceps Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 92, 93. (191 1). 


1023. Laciniaria scariosa var. praestans Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 92, 93. (1911). 

Butte, Towner. 

1024. Laciniaria scariosa var. exuberans Lunell, var. nov. 
Resembles var. praestans in the large size of the plant, 

in the large heads and in the leaves of the lower series being ample, 
long-petioled and very distant, but the racemose inflorescence 
occupies 1-2 the length of the stem, with more heads — these on 
long and stout peduncles. With its short peduncles and crowded 
heads, the inflorescence in var. praestans comes nearer to a spike. 

Butte, August 15, 1915. Type there and then collected by 
the writer. 

1025. Laciniaria scariosa var. multiplex Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 92, 93. (1911). 


1026. Laciniaria scariosa var. perusta Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 92, 93. (191 1). 

Turtle Mountains. 

1027. Lacinivaria scariosa var. angustata Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 92, 93. (191 1). 


So named because the circuit running through the apices 
of the leaves of the lower series is narrowed, as the leaf blades 
and petioles are broad and short. Leeds. 

1028. Laciniaria scariosa var. scalaris Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 127. (191 1). 


1029. Laciniaria scariosa var. immanis Lunell, var. nov. 
Has a corymbose inflorescence with very long peduncles, bear- 
ing 1-4 heads. 

Collected by the writer at Butte, August 15, 19 15. 

1030. Laciniaria scariosa var. crista galli Lunell, var. nov. 
The lower inflorescence of 5 or 6 heads subcorymbosely 

arranged or peduncles 3-5 cm. long. Above this the stem is contin- 
ued 10-15 cm - an d ends with a terminal head 3 times larger than 
the other heads, 3 cm. high and 4 cm. wide, its appearance suggest- 
ing a cock's comb. 

Collected by the writer at Butte, July 29, 1906. 

103 1 i Laciniaria scariosa var. insolens var. nov. 

Inflorescense subcorymbose and leaves of var. angustata. 

Collected by the writer at Butte, August 15, 1915. 

1032. Laciniaria scariosa var. composita var. nov. 
Inflorescence sub corymbose, flowers large, and leaves of var. 

super eminens. 

Collected by the writer at Butte, August 15, 1915. 

1033. Laciniaria scariosa var. corymbulosa Sheldon, Minn. 
Bot. St. I: 77 (March 21, 1894). 


1034. Laciniaria scariosa var. subcorymbosa Lunell in Am. 
Mid. Nat. Vol. II: 158. (1912). 

Leeds, Butte. 

1035. Laciniaria scariosa var. opima Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 92, 93. (1911). 

Leeds, Butte. 

1036. Laciniaria scariosa var. annuens var. nov. 

Racome 1 -sided, pedicles 1-2 cm. long, involucres nodding, 
leaves lanceolate. The var. nictitans of Minnesota differs 
mainly by its narrowly linear leaves and fewer flowers. 

Collected at Leeds September 3, 1916, by the writer. 

GUTIERREZIA Lag. Gen. & Sp. Nov. 30. (1816). 


1037. Gutierrezia Greenei Lunell in Am Mid. Nat. Vol. 
I: 233. (1910). 

Leeds, Butte. 

1038. Gutierrezia fulva Lunell in Am. Mid. Nat. Vol. I: 
235- (1910). 

Des Lacs. It received its species name from the light brown 
caudex. This also serves as one of the differential characters, 
the caudex of G. Greenei being dark brown or black. 

GRINDELIA Willd. Gesell. Nat. Fr. Berlin. Mag. I: 260. 

1039. Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal in DC. Prodr. 
5. 315. (1836). 

Leeds, Butte. 

1040. Grindelia squarrosa var. quasiperennis Lunell in 
Am. Mid. Nat. Vol. Ill: 143. (1913). 

Leeds, Butte. 

CHRYSOPSIS Nutt. Gen. II: 150. (1918); Elliot, Sk. II. 333. 

1 04 1. Chrysopsis Bakeri Greene, Pittonia 4: 153. (1900). 
Morton County (W. B. Bell). 

1042. Chrysopsis foliosa Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 7: 
316. (1840). 

Leeds, Butte, Dunsieth, Pleasant Lake. 
CHRYSOTHAMNUS Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 629. 
7: 323. (1840). 

1043. Chrysothamnus formosus Greene in Pittonia 4: 41. 

Williston (O. A. Stevens). 

1044. Chrysothamnus graveolens (Nutt.) Greene, Brythea 
3: 88. (1894). 

Chrysocoma graveolens Nutt. Gen. PI. 2: 136. (1818). 
Bigelovia graveolens (Nutt.) A. Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 8: 
644. (1873). 

McKenzie County (O. A. Stevens). 

1045. Chrysothamnus plattensis Greene, Pittonia IV 42. 

Leeds (extinct) . 

SIDERANTHUS Fraser's Cat. n. 80. 81. (1813): Nuttall; 
ex. Sweet, Hort. Britt. ed. I: 227. (1826). 

Eriocarpum Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (II.) 7: 320. (1841). 


1046. Sideranthus grindelioides (Nutt.) Britt. Bull. Torr. 
Bot. Club 27: 620. (1900). 

Eriocarpum grindeliodes Nutt. 1. c. 321. 
Beach (Bergman). 

1047. Sideranthus spinulosus (Pursh) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 
227. (1826). 

Amellus spinulosus Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 564. (1814). 
Aplopappus spinulosus DC. Prodr. 5: 347. (1836). 
Leeds, Butte, Pleasant Lake; Kulm (Brenckle). 

1048. Sideranthus glaberrimus Rydb. Bull. Torr. Bot. 
Club 27: 621. (1900). 

Sideranthus spinulosus glaberrimus (Rydb.) A. Ne1s. in Man. 
Fl. Rocky Mts. 489. (1909). 
PYRROCOMA Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. I: 300. (1833). 

1049. Pyrrocoma lanceolata (Hook.) Greene, Erythea 2 : 
69. (1894). 

Montraill Co.: Stanley (O. A. Stevens); Kenmare (Bergman). 
OLIGONEURON Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 2nd. ed.p. 1188. (1913). 

1050. Oligoneuron bombycinum Lunell in Am. Mid. Nat. 
Vol. II: 59. (191 1). 


1051. Oligoneuron rigidum Small, Fl. S. E. U. S., 1188. (1903). 
Solidago rigida Linn. Sp. PI. 880. (1753). 

Leeds, Butte. 

EUTHAMTA Nutt. Gen. 2: 162. (1818). 

1052. Euthamia camporum tricostata Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. II: 59. (191 1). 

Leeds, Butte, Dokken's Pond, Turtle Mountains. 
DORIA Gesner, Hort. Germ. 257 & 271. (1560). 
Solidago Brunfels, Herb. Viv. Ic. 78. (1531) =Anagallis. 

1053. Doria flexicaulis (Linn.) Lunell. 
Solidago flexicaulis Linn. Sp. PI. 879. (1753). 
Fargo (O. A. Stevens). 

1054. Doria glaberrima (Martens) Lunell. 

Solidago glaberrima Martens, Bull. Acad. Sci. Brux. 8: 67 

Pleasant Lake. 

1055. Doria glaberrima montana (A. Gray) Lunell. 


Solidago glaberrima montana (A. Gray) Lunell in Am. Midi. 
Nat. Vol. II: 146. (191 1). 
Leeds, Butte. 

1056. Doria inornata Lunell, comb. nov. 

Solidago inornata Lunell in Am. Midi. Nat. Vol. II : 146. (191 1). 
Pleasant Lake. 

1057. Doria concinna (A. Nels.) Lunell. 

Solidago concinna A. Nels. Bull Torr. Bot. Club 25: 377. 

Pleasant Lake. 

1058. Doria Pitcheri (Nutt.) Lunell. 

Solidago Pitcheri Nutt. Journ. Acad. Phila 7: 101. (1834). 
Peninsula of Lake Ibsen, Butte, Pingree, Dunsieth, Bottineau, 
Towner, Minot. 

1059. Doria canadensis (Linn.) Lunell. 
Solidago canadensis Linn. Sp. PI. 878. (1753). 

1060. Doria satanica Lunell, comb. nov. 

Solidago satanica Lunel 1 in Am. Midi. Nat. Vol. II.: 58. (191 1). 
Devils Lake. 

1 06 1. Doria altissima procera Lunell. 
Solida altissima procera. 

Benson Co., ace. to specimen deposited by the writer in the 
Gray Herbarium anno 1906. 

1062. Doria gilvocanescens (Rydb.) Lunell. 

Solidago gilvocanescens (Rydb.) Smyth, Trans, Kans. Acad. 
17: 161. (1899). 
Leeds, Butte. 

1063. Doria incana (Gray) Lunell. 
Solidago incana Gray. 

Leeds, Butte, Peninsula of Lake Ibsen. 

1064. Doria perornata Lunell, comb. nov. 

Solidago perornata Lunell in Am. Midi. Nat. Vol. II: 146. 

Dunsieth, St. John. 

1065. Doria dumetorum Lunell, comb. nov. 

Solidago dumetorum Lunell in A. Mid. Nat. Vol. II: 57. (19 11). 
Bottineau, St. John. 
1066. Doria pulcherrima (A. Nels.) Lunell, 


Solidago pulcherrima A. Nels. Ball. Torr. Bot. Club 25: 377. 

In dry soil: Leeds, Butte, Pleasant Lake. In swamp land: 

1067. Doria mollis (Bartl.) Lunell. 

Solidago mollis Bartl. Ind. Sem. Goett. 5. (1836). 

Leeds, Butte. 

TOWNSENDIA Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 16. (1834). 

1068. Townsendia exscapa (Richards.) Porter, Mem. Torr. 
Bot. Club. 5: 32. (1894). 

Pleasant Lake; Dickinson and Medora (CI. Waldron). 
BOLTONIA L'Her. Sert. Angi. 27. (1788). 

1069. Boltonia asteroides (Linn.) L'Her. 1. c. 
Matricaria asteroides Linn. Mant. 116. (1767). 
Leeds, Butte 

ASTER Diosc. = Aster atticus Fuchs, a two-worded generic 
name which ought be just as valid as f. i. Uva Ursi, preferably 
and correctly without a hyphen. Inguinalis is a synonym used by 
Diosc. and applied because of its actual or fancied medicinal value. 
Amelias Virgil. Georg. 4: 271 : Est. etiam flos in pratis cui nomen 

1070. Aster Saundersii Burgess. 
St. John, Dunsieth, Pleasant Lake. 

1071. Aster novae-angliae Linn. Sp. PI. 875. (1753). 

1072. Aster roseus Desf. Cat. Hort. Paris ed. 3. 401. (1812). 

1073. Aster Kumleinii Fries, in distrib. Mus. Ups. no. 5. 
Aster oblongijolius rigidulus A. Gray. Syn. Fl. Vol. I, part 2, 

2nd ed. 179. (1886). 

Minot; Emmons & Logan Counties (Brenckle). 

1074. Aster Kumleinii oliganthemos Lunell in Am. Mid. 
Nat. Vol. Ill: 344. (1914). 


1075. Aster puniceus Linn. Sp. PI. 875. (1753). 
Turtle Mountains. 

1076. Aster laevis Linn. Sp. PI. 876. (1753). 

Leeds, Towner, Dunsieth, Devils Lake; Bismarck (Brenckle). 

1077. Aster laevis var. abbreviatus Lunell in Bull Leeds. 
Herb. No. 2, p. 8. (1908). 


Leeds, Butte, Minot. 

1078. Aster laevis var. sourisensis Lunell in Bull. Leeds 
Herb. No. 2, p. 8. (1908). 


1079. Aster laevis var. undulatifolius Lunell in Bull. Leeds 
Herb. No. 2, p. 8. (1908). 

Saskatchewan and adjoining N. D. territory. 

1080. Aster junceus Ait. Hort. Kew 3: 204. (1789). 
Butte, Pleasant Lake, Towner. 

Salicifoui. Analytical Kby. 
A. Inflorescence a much branched panicle with numerous heads. 
B. Leaves distinctly dentate both on the stem and on the 

branches 1 . A . chelonicus sp. nov. 

B. Leaves on the stem dentate (or often entire in no 3), on the 
branches entire. 
C. Disk of the head about 1 cm. high; leaves thick and firm. 
D. Heads thyrsoid or racemose — glomerate on ascending 

branches; bracts with acute or obtusish tips 2. A. salicifolius 

D. Heads in a more naked inflorescence, bracts with 

narrower acute or acutish tips 3 A. caerulescens 

C. Disk of the head 6-8 mm. high; leaves membranous. 

B. Leaves lanceolate or oblanceolate ; rays white 4. A. paniculatus 
E. Leaves narrowly lanceolate; rays purplish 

5. A. paniculatus var. polychrous var. nov. 
C. Disk of the head 5 mm. high., ..6. A. lautus var. prionoides var. nov 

B. Leaves entire; disk of the head 5 mm. high 7. .4. lautus 

A. Inflorescence a narrow panicle with comparitively few heads. 

E. Bracts with white midribs 8. A. laetevirens 

E. Bracts without white midribs. 

F. Disk of the head 1 cm. high; rays blue 9. A. clivorum sp. nov. 
F. Disk of the head 6-8 mm. high; rays white or pale 
pink or dark to violet purple. 
G. Branches short, convergent, leaves short, usually 

with partly denticulate margins... 10. A. Jacobaeus sp. nov. 
G. Branches longer, erect or even divaricate; leaves 

elongated, usually with entire margins 11. A. durus 

1 08 1. Aster chelonicus Lunell, sp. nov. 

Planta rhizomate horizontali perennis. Caulis robustus, 
ruber, 5-6 dm. altus, internodiis ramorum 1. 5-3 cm. longis. Rami 
primarii longitudine variabillimi. Partes plantae omnes conspicue 
confertae. Folia crassa firmaque, acuminata, sessilia, brevia 
lataque, lanceolata, caulina 6-8 cm. longa, 1.5-2 cm. lata, ramorum 
2-4 cm. longa, 0.7-1 cm. lata, et caulis et ramorum conspicue dentata 
neque apicem versus abrupte reducta, in axillis folia plurima 


gerentia. Inflorescentia racemoso-paniculata, foliosissima, capi- 
tulis brevipedicellatis in ramulos breves secundarios ex axillis 
foliorum exortos confertis. Discus capituli 1.2 cm. altus latusque. 
Involucri serierum trium vel quatuor squamae lineares acutae, 
marginibus ciliatis, apicibus viridibus ornatae. Flores radiati 
pallide roseo-purpurei. Pappus albus est. 

Perennial with a horizontal rootstock. Stem stout, red, 5-6 
mm. high, with the internodes between the branches 1.5-3 cm - 
high. Primary branches very variable in length, f. i. 16 cm., 5 cm., 
15 cm. 6 cm., a. s. f. successively. All the parts of the plant are 
remarkably crowded. Leaves thick and firm, acuminate, sessile, 
short and broad, lanceolate, on the stem 6-8 cm. long, 1.5-2 cm. 
wide, on the branches 2-4 cm. long, 0.7-1 cm. wide, on both stem 
and branches prominently dentate, not abruptly reduced from 
below up, with a profusion of leaflets in the axils. Inflorescence 
racemosely paniculate, very leafy, with short-pedunckled heads 
on secondary branches crowded in the leaf-axils. Disk of the head 
1.2 cm. high and wide. Involucre 3 or 4 rows of linear, acute, 
wide, on the branches 2-4 cm. long, 0.7-1 cm. wide, on both stem 
r.2 cm. high and wide. Involucre 3 or 4 rows of linear, acute, 
ciliate-margined, green-tipped bracts. Rays pale rose-purplish. 
Pappus white. 

Collected by the writer on August 22, 191 1 in the outskirts 
of the Turtle Mountains, near St. John, Rolette County. 

1082. Aster salicifolius Lam. Bncycl. I: 306. (1783). 
Fargo (CI. Waldron). 

1083. Aster caerulescens DC. Prodr. 235. (1836). 


By C. W. G. Eiprig. 

By Chicago Area is meant the territory within a fifty mile 
radius from the center of that metropolis, thus including a great 
variety of habitats, among them some of the most interesting 
localitites from a zoological and botanical standpoint in the 
country, such as the dune region at the south end of Lake Michigan